Christ vs Antichrist: Comparing Actions in Religious Polemical Print

By Jessica G. Purdy | Printed religious and political polemic was a mainstay of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. In the aftermath of the Reformation, Protestants pitted themselves against Catholics and juxtaposed their stances on almost every aspect of doctrine possible. These conflicts were often played out in the form of printed propaganda, and innumerable […]

A Deadly Vocation

By Andrew Pettegree | The writings of Martin Luther transformed the German print industry. At one point in the early 1520s, the writings of Luther and his supporters accounted for half of the books published in the Holy Roman Empire. So it bears emphasis that Luther’s movement in fact did not export very well. This […]

Woodcut illustration from catechism

Making Good Protestants: The Importance of Catechisms

By Drew Thomas | In 1528 the Protestant reformer Philipp Melanchthon, Martin Luther’s right hand man, returned from a series of parish visitations convinced that both the clergy and the laity were spiritually illiterate. In response, Luther developed a series of sermons on the fundamentals of Christian belief. These sermons became the basis for his […]